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Pengertian Continuous Tense Disertai Rumus dan Contoh

5 min read

continuous tense kampung inggris lc

continuous tense kampung inggris lc

Hola, LCers! Pada topik sebelumnya, kita sudah membahas secara lengkap nih, tentang rumus tenses lengkap disertai contoh. Nah, kali ini kita akan mengupas lebih detail tentang tiap bentuk tenses yang ada di dalamnya. Di materi ini, kita akan membahas mengenai continuous tense, mulai dari pengertian, rumus, sampai contohnya. Buat kamu yang belum paham tentang continuous tense, simak materi ini baik-baik ya.

Kursus Bahasa Inggris

Pengertian Continuous Tense

Dalam bentuk tenses, sebenarnya ada 4 tenses pokok yang perlu kamu ketahui agal lebih mudah menghafalnya. Keempat bentuk tenses utama tersebut adalah simple, continuous, perfect, dan perfect continuous.

Di dalam bahasan ini, kita akan membahas tentang continuous tense. Menurut aturan grammar bahasa Inggris, continuous tense adalah bentuk kalimat yang menyatakan sesuatu yang sedang dilakukan, baik itu di masa lalu, masa depan, atau masa sekarang.

Saat kamu belajar bahasa Inggris, kamu mungkin akan menemukan nama lain continuous tense, yaitu progressive tense. Yep, progressive tense adalah cara lain yang digunakan native untuk menyebut continuous tense.

Rumus Continuous Tense Disertai Contoh

Di bawah ini, kamu bisa mempelajari rumus-rumus continuous tense sekaligus contohnya. Karena kita menggunakan teori 16 Tenses, maka kita bisa menemukan 4 continuous tense yang terdapat dalam sistem 16 tersebut.

Tapi ingat, continuous tense dan perfect continuous tense adalah dua bentuk yang berbeda. Di sini, kita hanya akan membahas continuous tense saja. Selengkapnya, kamu bisa lihat rincian pembahasan tentang continuous tense sebagai berikut.

Present Continuous Tense

Kamu ingin menceritakan sesuatu yang saat ini sedang dilakukan atau terjadi, dalam bahasa Inggris? Bentuk kalimat yang akan kamu sebutkan adalah present continuous tense. Memahami present continuous tense cukup mudah kok, karena formulanya juga gampang diingat. Berikut ini rumus present continuous tense dalam bentuk verbal dan nominal yang bisa kamu hapalkan.

Verbal

SENTENCES
FORMULAS
Positive (+)
Subject + is/am/are + Verb-ing
Negative (-)
Subject + is/am/are + not + Verb-ing
Interrogative (?)
Is/am/are + Subject + Verb-ing + ?

Example:

  • Nanda is sweeping the floor (+)
  • Nanda is not sweeping the floor (-)
  • Is Nanda sweeping the floor? (?)
  • I am feeling sick right now (+)
  • I am not feeling sick right now (-)
  • Am I feeling sick right now? (?)
  • You are playing my video game (+)
  • You aren’t playing my video game (-)
  • Are you playing my video game? (?)

Nominal

SENTENCES
FORMULAS
Positive (+)
Subject + is/am/are + nominal
Negative (-)
Subject + is/am/are + not + nominal
Interrogative (?)
Is/am/are + Subject + nominal + ?
Pengen Konsutasi PR ?

Example:

  • He is the best goalkeeper in our football team (+)
  • He is not the best goalkeeper in our football team (-)
  • Is he the best goalkeeper on our football team? (?)
  • I am an Oxford student (+)
  • I am not an Oxford student (-)
  • Am I an Oxford student? (?)
  • You are the only one in my life, so don’t ever leave me (+)
  • You are not the only one in my life, so just leave me right now (?)
  • Are you the only one in my life who will never leave me? (?)

Past Continuous Tense

Past continuous tense adalah bentuk kalimat yang digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang sedang dilakukan/terjadi di masa lalu. Rumus past continuous tense beserta contoh penggunaannya bisa kamu lihat dalam tabel dan contoh di bawah ini.

Verbal

SENTENCES
FORMULAS
Positive (+)
Subject + was/were + Verb-ing
Negative (-)
Subject + was/were + not + Verb-ing
Interrogative (?)
Was/were + Subject + Verb-ing + ?

Example:

  • Nanda was sweeping the floor when I came there yesterday (+)
  • Nanda was not sweeping the floor when I came there yesterday (-)
  • Was Nanda sweeping the floor when I came there yesterday? (?)
  • I was feeling sick 2 days ago (+)
  • I was not feeling sick 2 days ago (-)
  • Was I feeling sick 2 days ago? (?)
  • You were playing my video game when I fell asleep (+)
  • You were not playing my video game when I fell asleep (-)
  • Were you playing my video game when I fell asleep? (?)

Nominal

SENTENCES
FORMULAS
Positive (+)
Subject + was/were + nominal
Negative (-)
Subject + was/were + not + nominal
Interrogative (?)
Was/were + Subject + nominal + ?

Example:

  • He was the best goalkeeper in our football team a year before (+)
  • He wasn’t the best goalkeeper in our football team a year before(-)
  • Was he the best goalkeeper in our football team a year before? (?)
  • I was an Oxford student (+)
  • I was not an Oxford student (-)
  • Was I an Oxford student? (?)
  • You were the only one in my life before you left me (+)
  • You were not the only one in my life before you left me (?)
  • Were you the only one in my life before you left me? (?)

Future Continuous Tense

Nah, kali ini kita akan membahas satu bentuk tenses yang agak sulit nih, yaitu future continuous tense. Bentuk future continuous tense bisa kita gunakan saat menceritakan sesuatu yang sedang dilakukan di masa depan. Supaya lebih jelas dan paham, kamu bisa memahami rumus future continuous tense dan contoh kalimatnya di bawah ini.

Verbal

SENTENCES
FORMULAS
Positive (+)
Subject + will + be + Verb-ing
Negative (-)
Subject + will + not + be + Verb-ing
Interrogative (?)
Will + Subject + be + Verb-ing + ?

Example:

  • Nanda will be sweeping the floor when we come tomorrow (+)
  • Nanda won’t be sweeping the floor when we come tomorrow (-)
  • Will Nanda be sweeping the floor when we come tomorrow? (?)
  • I will be feeling sick when the first aid rescue comes (+)
  • I won’t be feeling sick when the first aid rescue comes (-)
  • Will I be feeling sick when the first aid rescue comes? (?)
  • You will be playing my video game when I come home (+)
  • You won’t be playing my video game when I come home (-)
  • Will you be playing my video game when I come home? (?)

Nominal

SENTENCES
FORMULAS
Positive (+)
Subject + will + being + nominal
Negative (-)
Subject + will + not + being + nominal
Interrogative (?)
Will + Subject + being + nominal + ?

Example:

  • He will being the best goalkeeper when you arrive 2 years later (+)
  • He won’t being the best goalkeeper when you arrive 2 years later (-)
  • Will he being the best goalkeeper when you arrive 2 years later? (?)
  • I will being an Oxford student when we meet next year (+)
  • I won’t being an Oxford student when we meet next year (-)
  • Will I being an Oxford student when we meet next year? (?)
  • You will being the only one in my life when we separate (+)
  • You won‘t being the only one in my life when we separate (-)
  • Will you being the only one in my life when we separate? (?)

NB: Meski benar secara grammar, kata “being” sebenarnya sangat jarang dipakai dalam bentuk nominal. Biasanya para native lebih suka menggunakan kata “be” saja.

Past Future Continuous Tense

Bentuk terakhir yang akan dibahas di sini adalah past future continuous tense, bentuk kalimat yang digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang akan sedang dilakukan di masa lalu seandainya satu hal terjadi.

Bingung? Oke, jadi intinya, past future continuous tense digunakan untuk mengandaikan sesuatu yang akan terjadi. Ibaratnya nih, kamu sekarang sedang putus dengan pacarmu. Seandainya kalian berdua tidak putus, kamu mungkin sekarang sedang merencanakan malam Mingguan bersamanya.

Supaya lebih jelas lagi, coba perhatikan rumus past future continuous tense berikut contoh-contohnya di bawah ini.

Verbal

SENTENCES
FORMULAS
Positive (+)
Subject + would + be + Verb-ing + if…
Negative (-)
Subject + would + not + be + Verb-ing + if…
Interrogative (?)
Would + Subject + be + Verb-ing + if…+ ?

Example:

  • Nanda would be sweeping the floor if you return her home on time (+)
  • Nanda would not be sweeping the floor if you return her home lately (-)
  • Would Nanda be sweeping the floor if you return her home on time? (?)
  • I would be feeling sick right now if you don’t bring any ointment (+)
  • I wouldn’t be feeling sick right now if you bring any ointment (-)
  • Would I be feeling sick right now if you don’t bring any ointment? (?)
  • You would be playing my video game if I didn’t forbid it (+)
  • You wouldn’t be playing my video game if I forbid it (-)
  • Would you be playing my video game if I didn’t forbid it? (?)

Nominal

SENTENCES
FORMULAS
Positive (+)
Subject + would + being + nominal + if…
Negative (-)
Subject + would + not + being + nominal + if…
Interrogative (?)
Would + Subject + being + nominal + if… + ?

Example:

  • He would being the best goalkeeper if he didn’t break his leg (+)
  • He wouldn’t being the best goalkeeper if he breaks his leg (-)
  • Would he being the best goalkeeper if he breaks his leg? (?)
  • I would being an Oxford student if I didn’t return to Indonesia (+)
  • I wouldn’t being an Oxford student if I return to Indonesia (-)
  • Would I being an Oxford student if I didn’t return to Indonesia? (?)
  • You would being the only one in my life if we didn’t separate (+)
  • You wouldn’t be the only one in my life if we separated (-)
  • Would you being the only one in my life if we didn’t separate? (?)

NB: penggunaan being juga tidak terlalu umum dalam past future continuous tense versi nominal. Jadi tidak masalah jika kamu hanya menggunakan “be” saja.

 

Itulah penjelasan lengkap dan mendalam mengenai continuous tense, rumus, dan contoh-contohnya. Sekarang kamu sudah lebih paham kan tentang continuous tense, rumus-rumus dan cara menggunakannya? Jadi makin rajin belajar bahasa Inggris-nya, dan pelajari juga bentuk-bentuk tenses yang lainnya.

Kalau kamu ingin belajar lebih mudah dan terarah lagi, kamu bisa langsung ke Kampung Inggris Pare. Di mana lagi sih bisa belajar bahasa Inggris lebih baik, kalau bukan di Kampung Inggris asli? Ditunggu ya kehadiranmu di sini, di Kampung Inggris LC!

Mau tahu materi keren selanjutnya? Yuk simak: Pengertian Part of Speech dan Pembahasan Lengkapnya

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krys
krys
Januari 27, 2021 6:10 PM

mau nanya itu materi paling bawah judulnya Past Future Continuous tetapi yang di video menjelaskan tentang Past Perfect Continuous. jadi,… Read more »

Myga
Myga
Desember 8, 2020 8:09 AM

Kalimat nominal untuk present continuous kok sama dengan kalimat nominal present tense? kenapa tidak ada pembeda sama sekali? sedangkan kita… Read more »