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16 Tenses Lengkap dengan Rumus dan Contoh 4.68/5 (68)

Siang, LCers!

Kali ini kita akan belajar tentang materi yang paling ditakuti oleh banyak pembelajar bahasa Inggris, Tenses!

Siap Mahir Bahasa Inggris ?

Eits, jangan takut dulu ya. We proud of your bravery to click this one, really. Dengan mengklik artikel ini, itu artinya kalian sudah memberanikan diri mempelajari topik yang katanya bikin triggered ini.

Sebenarnya, mempelajari tenses nggak semenakutkan itu kok. Asal hapal fungsi dan polanya, kita bisa mengingat semua tenses dengan mudah.

Ingin tahu apa saja fungsi dan pola tenses? Here we presents…16 tenses lengkap dengan rumus dan cara menghafalnya.

16 Tenses Lengkap dengan Rumus

Di luar sana, berbagai situs saling tidak setuju berapa jumlah tenses yang perlu dipelajari. Ada yang bilang 12, 16, dan bahkan ada yang bilang…32.

“Gila…siapa yang mau belajar 32 tenses? 16 tenses aja susah!”

Okay, just calm. Menurut kami, memahami 16 tenses saja sudah cukup untuk bisa berkomunikasi dengan baik. Bahkan, para native speakers di luar sana sudah meninggalkan aturan 16 dan berpindah ke yang lebih simple, yakni 12.

Tapi sebagai non-native, LCers tetap perlu tahu 16 tenses ya, berikut ulasan lengkapnya.

Simple Present Tense

Pengen Konsutasi PR ?

Jenis 16 tenses pertama adalah simple present tense. Simple Present Tense adalah bentuk kalimat yang menyatakan kejadian yang terjadi tapi tidak harus terikat dengan waktu. 

Susunan rumus dan kalimat untuk simple present tense adalah sebagai berikut.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + V1 + (s/es)
Dad works hard every day
Nominal
Subject + is/am/are + nominal
She is more beautiful than usual
Negative
Verbal
Subject + don’t/doesn’t + V1
I don’t know what to say to her
Nominal
Subject + is/am/are + not + nominal
They aren’t as bad as you think
Interrogative
Verbal
Do/Does + Subject + V1 + ?
Does he know about this?
Nominal
Is/Am/Are + Subject + nominal + ?
Are you better than yesterday?

 

Simple Past Tense

Salah satu bentuk 16 tenses yang perlu kamu ketahui adalah simple past tense. Simple past tense digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang sudah terjadi di masa lalu, baik waktunya disebutkan atau tidak.

Susunan rumus dan kalimat untuk Simple Past Tense adalah sebagai berikut.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + V2
She drove to the town solely
Nominal
Subject + was/were + nominal
You were glad to meet him
Negative
Verbal
Subject + didn’t + V1
She didn’t drive to the town solely
Nominal
Subject + was/were + not + nominal
You weren’t glad to meet him
Interrogative
Verbal
Did + Subject + V1 + ?
Did she drive to the town solely?
Nominal
Was/were + Subject + nominal + ?
Were you glad to meet him?

Simple Future Tense

Simple future tense digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang akan terjadi di masa depan, baik waktunya disebutkan atau tidak.

Susunan rumus dan kalimat untuk Simple Future Tense adalah sebagai berikut.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + will + V1
You will know sooner or later
Nominal
Subject + will + be + nominal
Henry will be the champion today
Negative
Verbal
Subject + won’t + V1
You won’t know till you’ve tried
Nominal
Subject + won’t + be + nominal
She won’t be the model
Interrogative
Verbal
Will + Subject + V1 + ?
Will the police come on time?
Nominal
Will + Subject + be + nominal + ?
Will she become a nurse soon?

Simple Past Future Tense

Simple past future tense digunakan untuk menerangkan aktivitas yang akan dilakukan di masa lalu.

Contoh jelasnya dalam bahasa Indonesia begini, “Saat terjadi kecelakaan kemarin, Romi masih akan berangkat ke sekolah.”

Sudah paham, bukan? Kalau begitu, ini susunan rumus dan kalimat untuk Simple Past Future Tense.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + should/would + bare infinitive
Sarah should go to the hospital
Nominal
Subject + was/were + going to + bare infinitive
He was going to write a new note
Negative
Verbal
Subject + should/would + not + bare infinitive
Sarah should not go to the hospital
Nominal
Subject + was/were + not + going to + bare infinitive
He was not going to write a new note
Interrogative
Verbal
Should/would + subject + bare infinitive + ?
Should Sarah go to the hospital?
Nominal
Was/were + subject + going to + bare infinitive + ?
Was he going to write a new note?

Catatan: sekilas bare infinitive tampak seperti verb ya? Tapi keduanya berbeda fungsi lho, itu akan dibahas di topik selanjutnya.

Present Continuous Tense

Present continuous tense digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang sedang dilakukan sekarang.

Susunan kalimat dan contohnya bisa dilihat di bawah ini.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + is/am/are + Ving
She is playing a kite
Nominal
Subject + is/am/are + nominal
Fajar is a college student
Negative
Verbal
Subject + is/am/are + not + Ving
She is not playing a kite
Nominal
Subject + is/am/are + not + nominal
Fajar isn’t a college student
Interrogative
Verbal
Is/Am/Are + Subject + Ving + ?
Is she playing a kite?
Nominal
Is/Am/Are + Subject + nominal + ?
Is Fajar a college student?

Past Continuous Tense

Past continuous tense digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang sedang dilakukan di masa lalu.

Berikut ini adalah formula sekaligus contohnya.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + was/were + Ving
They were trying a new road
Nominal
Subject + was/were + nominal
Alea was afraid of the dark
Negative
Verbal
Subject + was/were + not + Ving
They weren’t trying a new road
Nominal
Subject + was/were + nominal
Alea wasn’t afraid of the dark
Interrogative
Verbal
Was/were + Subject + Ving + ?
Were they trying a new road?
Nominal
Was/were + Subject + nominal + ?
Was Alea afraid of the dark?

Future Continuous Tense

Future continuous tense digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang akan sedang dilakukan di masa depan.

Susunan formula untuk future continuous tense bisa dilihat sebagai berikut.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + will + be + Ving
I will be going to school tomorrow
Nominal
Subject + will + being + nominal
She will being a hero the day after tomorrow
Negative
Verbal
Subject + will + not + be + Ving
I won’t be going to school tomorrow
Nominal
Subject + will + not + being + nominal
She won’t being a hero the day after tomorrow
Interrogative
Verbal
Will + Subject + be + Ving + ?
Will I be going to school tomorrow?
Nominal
Will + Subject + being + nominal + ?
Will she being a hero the day after tomorrow

Past Future Continuous Tense

Past future continuous tense digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang akan dilakukan di masa lalu.

Berikut ini formula untuk past future continuous tense.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + would + be + Ving
We would be coming to your house if you were at home
Nominal
Subject + would + being + nominal
My son would being the actor if he wasn’t sick
Negative
Verbal
Subject + would + not + be + Ving
We would not be coming to your house if you were at home
Nominal
Subject + would + not + being + nominal
My son would not being the actor if he wasn’t sick
Interrogative
Verbal
Would + Subject + be + Ving + ?
Would we be coming to your house if you were at home?
Nominal
Would + Subject + being + nominal + ?
Would my son being the actor if he wasn’t sick?

Present Perfect Tense

Present prefect tense digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang sudah dilakukan sekarang.

Simak contoh rumus dan susunan kalimatnya berikut ini ya!

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + has/have + V3
I have done the task earlier
Nominal
Subject + has/have + been + nominal
She has been a good doctor for the girl a while ago
Negative
Verbal
Subject + has/have + not + V3
I haven’t done the task earlier
Nominal
Subject + has/have + not + been + nominal
She hasn’t been a good doctor for the girl a while ago
Interrogative
Verbal
Has/have + Subject + V3 + ?
Have I done the task earlier?
Nominal
Has/have + Subject + been + nominal + ?
Has she been a good doctor for the girl a while ago?

Past Perfect Tense

Past continuous tense digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang sudah dilakukan di masa lalu.

Di bawah ini rumus sekaligus contoh dari past perfect tense.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + had + V3
He had finished his homework yesterday
Nominal
Subject + had + been + nominal
I had been the teacher some years ago
Negative
Verbal
Subject + had + not + V3
He hadn’t finished his homework yesterday
Nominal
Subject + had + not + been + nominal
I hadn’t been the teacher some years ago
Interrogative
Verbal
Had + Subject + V3 + ?
Had he finished his homework yesterday?
Nominal
Had + Subject + been + nominal + ?
Had I been the teacher some years ago?

Future Perfect Tense

Future perfect tense digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang akan sudah dilakukan di masa depan.

Ini penjelasan lebih lengkap mengenai future perfect tense.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + will + have + V3
I will have finished the cleaning in 4 hours
Nominal
Subject + will + have + been + nominal
The students will have been graduates in some months
Negative
Verbal
Subject + will + not + have + V3
I won’t have finished the cleaning in 4 hours
Nominal
Subject + will + not + have + been + nominal
The students won’t have been graduates in some months
Interrogative
Verbal
Will + subject + have + V3 + ?
Will I have finished the cleaning in 4 hours?
Nominal
Will + subject + have + been + nominal + ?
Will the students have graduated in some months?

Past Future Perfect Tense

Past future perfect tense biasanya digunakan untuk sesuatu yang seharusnya sudah dilakukan di masa lalu.

Formula beserta contoh dari past future perfect tense bisa dilihat di bawah ini.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + should/would + have + V3
He would’ve done the tasks if he wasn’t going to the cinema
Nominal
Subject + should/would + have + been + nominal
I should’ve been a soldier but I was failed
Negative
Verbal
Subject + should/would + not + have + V3
He wouldn’t have done the tasks if he wasn’t going to the cinema
Nominal
Subject + should/would + not + have + been + nominal
I shouldn’t have been a soldier but I was failed
Interrogative
Verbal
Should/would + subject + have + V3 + ?
Would he done the tasks if he wasn’t going to the cinema?
Nominal
Should/would + subject + have + been + nominal + ?
Should I have been a soldier if I was failed?

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present perfect continuous tense biasanya digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang sudah dilakukan dan masih dilakukan hingga sekarang.

Berikut ini merupakan susunan kalimat dari present perfect continuous tense.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + has/have + been + Ving + since/for
Mom has been working there since 2006
Nominal
Subject + has/have + been + being + nominal + since/for
She has been being a director 2 years ago
Negative
Verbal
Subject + has/have + not + been + Ving + since/for
Mom hasn’t been working there since 2006
Nominal
Subject + has/have + not + been + being + nominal + since/for
She hasn’t been being a director since 2 years ago
Interrogative
Verbal
Has/have + subject + been + Ving + since/for + ?
Has Mom been working there since 2006?
Nominal
Has/have + subject + been + being + nominal + since/for + ?
Has she been being a director since 2 years ago?

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past perfect continuous  tense digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang sudah dilakukan dan masih dilakukan di masa lalu.

Berikut ini adalah formula yang berlaku untuk past perfect continuous tense dan contohnya.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + had + been + Ving + since/for
I had been pushing the door for 35 minutes
Nominal
Subject + had + been + being + nominal + since/for
They had been being the choir since 2012
Negative
Verbal
Subject + had + not + been + Ving + since/for
I hadn’t been pushing the door for 35 minutes
Nominal
Subject + had + not + been + being + nominal + since/for
They hadn’t been being the choir since 2012
Interrogative
Verbal
Had + subject + been + Ving + since/for + ?
Had I been pushing the door for 35 minutes?
Nominal
Had + subject + been + being + nominal + since/for + ?
Had they been being the choir since 2012?

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Future perfect continuous tense digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang akan sedang dilakukan di masa depan. Tenses ini juga termasuk dalam 16 tenses yang perlu kamu pahami.

Berikut ini merupakan contoh penggunaan future perfect continuous tense.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + will + have + been + Ving + since/for
I will have been watching the TV since morning
Nominal
Subject + will + have + been + being + nominal + since/for
She will have been being a doctor since 2016
Negative
Verbal
Subject + will + not + have + been + Ving + since/for
I won’t have been watching the TV since morning
Nominal
Subject + will + not + have + been + being + nominal + since/for
She won’t has been being a doctor since 2016
Interrogative
Verbal
Will + subject + have + been + Ving + since/for + ?
Will I have been watching the TV since morning?
Nominal
Will + subject + have + been + being + nominal + since/for + ?
Will she have been being a doctor since 2016?

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past future perfect continuous tense biasanya digunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang akan telah dilakukan di masa lalu.

Susunan kalimat dan contohnya Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense bisa dilihat di bawah ini ya kak.

SENTENCES
 
FORMULA
EXAMPLES
Positive
Verbal
Subject + would/should + have + been + Ving + since/for
I would have been watching the TV since morning
Nominal
Subject + would/should + have + been + being + nominal + since/for
She would have been being a doctor since 2016
Negative
Verbal
Subject + would/should + not + have + been + Ving + since/for
I wouldn’t have been watching the TV since morning
Nominal
Subject + would/should + not + have + been + being + nominal + since/for
She wouldn’t has been being a doctor since 2016
Interrogative
Verbal
Would/should + subject + have + been + Ving + since/for + ?
Would I have been watching the TV since morning?
Nominal
Would/should + subject + have + been + being + nominal + since/for + ?
Would she have been being a doctor since 2016?

Demikianlah keterangan lengkap mengenai 16 tenses lengkap yang bisa kamu ketahui, ya! Sekarang tetap semangat belajar dan jangan lupa dihafal!

Kalau kamu ingin lebih mendalami tentang tenses dan lainnya, yuk gabung bersama kami di Kampung Inggris Pare! Kami akan menunggu kedatanganmu ke sini!

Jangan lupa baca juga materi kami tentang Grammar berikut ini ya: Apa Itu Grammar? Memahami Grammar dari Dasar

Kampung Inggris Search :

    16 tenses, tenses, Rumus tenses, https://www kampunginggris id/16-tenses-lengkap-dengan-rumus-dan-contoh, tense

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BAIK HATI
BAIK HATI
September 1, 2020 12:19 AM

Simple Present Tense Jenis 16 tenses pertama adalah simple present tense. Simple Present Tense adalah bentuk kalimat yang menyatakan kejadian… Read more »

 
 
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